DEAR READERS: ProCon.org is your oasis for unbiased, ad-free information on important issues. We survive on donations, averaging $22. If every reader gave $3 now, we could keep going for years.Please help.
DEAR PROCON.ORG READERS: We’re being outspent by biased organizations that use millions of dollars to misinform you. This week we’re asking our readers to help us. We survive on donations, which keep us independent and ad-free. If every one of our readers gave $3 now, the price of a cup of coffee, our fundraiser would be over. We’re a small nonprofit, but it costs a lot to keep our servers, research staff, and programs going. ProCon.org is your oasis on the Internet for unbiased information on important issues. If ProCon.org is useful to you, please take a minute to keep us online and ad-free. Thank you.
Participants were 238 "presidential scholars, historians and political scientists;" "Presidents 2010 Rank by Category," www.siena.edu, July 1, 2010
Participants were 65 "presidential historians" and "other professional observers of the presidency;" "C-SPAN 2009 Historians Presidential Leadership Survey," www.c-span.org, 2009
Participants were 8 correspondents, editors, bureau chiefs, columnists, and writers of The Times; "Who's the Greatest? The Times US Presidential Rankings," by Jeremy Griffin and Nico Hines, www.timesonline.co.uk, Oct. 28, 2008
Because of the short durations of their terms, William Henry Harrison and James Garfield were excluded from this ranking; participants were 85 "professors of history, law, political science and economics... the presidents are ranked in order of mean score, adjusted to give equal weight to Democratic- and Republican-leaning respondents;" "The Rankings," www.opinionjournal.com, Sep. 12, 2005
Participants were 32 "historians and close observers of presidential leadership;" "Rating the Presidents: Washington to Clinton," by Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr., Political Science Quarterly, Summer 1997