Last updated on: 5/17/2017 | Author:

Footnotes & Sources

The background and pro and con arguments were written by staff based upon input from the following footnotes (directly referenced) and sources (used for general research and not directly referenced):


  1. CNN, “Ronald Reagan Dies at 93,”, June 5, 2004
  2. Julie Wolf, “Reagan,” (accessed Sep. 24, 2010)
  3. National Archives, “Reagan’s Nomination of O’Connor,” (accessed Sep. 13, 2010)
  4. Veronique de Rugy, “President Reagan, Champion Budget-Cutter,” American Institute for Public Policy Research website, June 9, 2004
  5. Lawrence J. Korb, “Spending Without Strategy: The FY 1988 Annual Defense Report,” International Security, Summer 1987
  6. Stephen F. Knott & Jeffrey L. Chidster, Presidential Profiles: The Reagan Years, 2005
  7. Edwin Meese, With Reagan: The Inside Story, 1992
  8. Ron Chepesiuk, The War on Drugs: An International Encyclopedia, 1999
  9. Shahid M. Shahidullah, Crime Policy in America: Laws, Institutions, and Programs, 2008
  10. Tom Bowman, “Reagan Guided Huge Buildup in Arms Race,”, June 8, 2004
  11. Peter Sperry, “The Real Reagan Economic Record: Responsible and Successful Fiscal Policy,”, Mar. 1, 2001
  12. Department of Education, “Nation at Risk: The Imperative for Education Reform,”, Apr. 1983
  13. Deborah A. Verstegen, “Education Fiscal Policy in the Reagan Administration,” American Educational Research Association, Winter, 1990
  14., “Timeline of Ronald Reagan’s Environmental Accomplishments,” (accessed Sep. 27, 2010)
  15. Ronald Reagan, “Remarks on East-West Relations at the Brandenburg Gate in West Berlin,”, June 12, 1987
  16. David E. Hoffman, “Hastening an End to the Cold War,” Washington Post, June 6, 2004
  17. US Department of Labor, “Health Plans & Benefits: Continuation of Health Coverage – COBRA,” (accessed Sep. 20, 2010)
  18. Ronald Reagan and Frederick J. Ryan, Reagan: The Great Communicator, 1995
  19. International Association of Fire Chiefs and National Fire Protection Association, Fire Officer: Principles and Practice, 2010
  20. Kathleen Schalch, “1981 Strike Leaves Legacy for American Workers,”, Aug. 3, 2006
  21. Sean O’Keefe, “Remembering the Legacy of President Ronald Reagan,”, June 7, 2004
  22. Mark Crawford, “Reagan Okays the Supercollider,” Science, Feb. 6, 1987
  23. Marvin B. Sussman, Suzanne K. Steinmetz, and Gary W. Peterson, Handbook of Marriage and the Family, 1999
  24. Paul Krugman, “The Great Taxer,” , June 8, 2004
  25. Joint Economic Committee, “The Regan Tax Cuts: Lessons for Tax Reform,”, Apr. 1996
  26., “Cold War: A Brief History, Reagan’s Star Wars,” (accessed Oct. 6, 2010)
  27. Lee Hamilton and Daniel Inouye, Report of the Congressional Committees Investigating the Iran/Contra Affair, Nov. 13, 1987
  28. Jim Sweeney, “Summary: Looking Back on the Reagan Presidency,” (accessed on Oct. 14, 2010)
  29. Dinesh D’Souza, Ronald Reagan: How an Ordinary Man Became an Extraordinary Leader, 1997
  30. Ronald Reagan, “Remarks at the Annual Meeting of the International Association of Chiefs of Police in New Orleans, Louisiana,”, Sep. 28, 1981
  31. Bureau of Justice Statistics, “Reported Crime in United States-Total,” (accessed Oct. 8, 2010)
  32. Paul Ruffins, “Critics Say No to Reagan’s Drug Policy,” Black Enterprise, Aug. 1988
  33. Bureau of Justice Statistics, “Drugs and Crime Facts,” (accessed Oct. 14, 2010)
  34. Lawrence J. Korb, “Did Readiness Get Its Fair Share of the Defense Buildup in the First Reagan Administration?,” Defense Policy in the Reagan Administration, Eds. William P. Snyder and James Brown, 1998
  35. Greg Schneider and Renae Merle, “Reagan’s Defense Buildup Bridged Military Eras,”, June 9, 2004
  36. Office of Management and Budget, “Historical Tables: Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 2009,”, 2009
  37. William A. Niskanen, “Reaganomics,” Library of Economics and Liberty website (accessed Sep. 10, 2010)
  38. Anne Constable, Douglas Brew, and Maureen Dowd, “A Course in Politics,”, June 20, 1983
  39. Amanda Little, “How Green Was the Gipper?: A Look Back at Reagan’s Environmental Record,”, June 10, 2004
  40. Patricia Sullivan, “Anne Gorsuch Burford, 62, Dies; Reagan EPA Director,” Washington Post, July 22, 2004
  41. Allen White, “Reagan’s AIDS Legacy/Silence Equals Death,”, June 8, 2004
  42. Mike Mitchell, “Air Traffic Controllers Walk, Reagan Fires PATCO Strikers,” Aviation Online Magazine (accessed Oct. 13, 2010)
  43. Eliot Marshall, “Researchers Sift the Ashes of SDI,” Science, Feb. 4, 1994
  44. Dinesh D’Souza and E.J. Dionne, “Reagan vs. Clinton,”, Nov. 6, 1997
  45. Anthony S. Campagna, The Economy in the Reagan Years: The Economic Consequences of the Reagan Administrations, 1994
  46. Steven F. Hayward, The Age of Reagan: The Conservative Counterrevolution, 1980-1989, 2009
  47. Sheldon L. Richman, “The Sad Legacy of Ronald Reagan,”, Oct. 1988
  48. Joe Davidson, “Reagan: A Contrary View,”, June 7, 2004
  49. BBC, “1984: Four More Years for Reagan,” (accessed Sep. 17, 2010)
  50. Wall Street Journal, “Prime Rate History,” (accessed Oct. 6, 2010)
  51., “Reaganomics,” (accessed Sep. 9, 2010)
  52. Ronald Reagan, Kiron Skinner, Annelise Anderson, and Martin Anderson, Reagan: A Life in Letters, 2003
  53. PBS, “Timeline of Ronald Reagan’s Life,” (accessed Sep. 14)
  54. Andrew Kohut, Jodie T. Allen, and Richard Auxie, “It’s All About Jobs, Except When It’s Not: Unemployment and Presidential Approval Ratings 1981-2009,”, Jan. 26, 2010
  55. Ronald Reagan, “Remarks of the Annual Convention of the National Association of Evangelicals in Orlando, Florida,”, Mar. 8, 1983
  56., “Cold War: A Brief History, Reagan’s Star Wars,” (accessed Sep. 21, 2010)
  57. Jarrett Murphy, “Beirut Barracks Attack Remembered,”, Oct. 23, 1983
  58. United Nations General Assembly, “The Situation in Grenada (A/RES/38/7),”, Nov. 2, 1983
  59. Arms Control Association, “The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty at a Glance,” (accessed Oct. 6, 2010)
  60. Ann R. Markusen, “Cold War Economics,” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Jan.-Feb. 1989
  61. Bootie Cosgrove-Mather, “A Look Back at the Polls,”, June 7, 2004
  62. Ronald Reagan, “Text of Letter Written by President Ronald Reagan Announcing He Has Alzheimer’s Disease,”, Nov. 5, 1994
  63. Lawrence Walsh, “Final Report of the Independent Counsel for Iran/Contra Matters,”, Aug. 4, 1993
  64. Ronald Reagan, “Address Before a Joint Session of the Congress on the State of the Union,” January 25, 1984
  65. Ronald Reagan, “Address Before a Joint Session of Congress on the State of the Union,” Jan. 27, 1987
  66. US Department of State, “Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty,”, Dec. 8, 1987


BBC, “Reaganomics or ‘Voodoo Economics’?,”, June 5, 2004

CNN, “How the Electoral College Works,” (accessed Oct. 11, 2010)

CNN, “The Reagan Years,” (accessed Oct. 13, 2010)

David J. Hanson, “Reagan’s R&D Legacy: From Supercolliders to Star Wars, Ronald Reagan Provided Excitement for Scientists and Engineers,” Chemical & Engineering News, June 15, 2004

Jaime Holguin, “Reagan’s Cold War Legacy,”, June 10, 2004

John Iceland, Poverty in America: A Handbook, 2006

New World Encyclopedia, “Ronald Reagan,” (accessed Sep. 17, 2010)

NPR, “The Life of Ronald Reagan: A Timeline,” (accessed Sep. 28, 2010)

Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation & Library, “President Reagan’s Domestic Policy: A More Perfect Union,” (accessed Sep. 30, 2010)

John W. Sloan, “The Economic Costs of Reagan Mythology,” Deconstructing Reagan: Conservative Mythology and America’s Fortieth President, 2007

Dinesh D’Souza, “How Reagan Won the Cold War,” National Review, Nov. 24, 1997, “Reagan Assassination Attempt,” (accessed Sep. 9, 2010)

Jonathan Weisman, “Reagan Policies Gave Green Light to Red Ink,” Washington Post, June 9, 2004